The program will provide up to $120,000 to counties to help replace small bridges that are rated deficient.
The bridges must have a daily vehicle count of less than 100 and be 20 to 50 feet long.
The program is targeting small bridges because officials say they are important routes for farmers and their equipment.
"Many of these bridges have a low load rating and it isn't legal or safe for some of today's large farm equipment to cross," said Transportation Secretary Mike King.
There are approximately 20,000 bridges on Kansas' local road systems and about 18 percent of those are structurally deficient.